Sunday, July 30, 2006

1,500 Calorie Diabetic Diets

1,500 Calorie Diabetic Diets by Eddie Tobey

Diabetic diets as a rule are no longer supposed to be entirely devoid of fats and sugar. Instead, the norm now is to have every kind of food, but in moderation. However, when there's the problem of obesity occurring along with diabetes, one needs to keep a strict watch on his calorie intake. So here there's the issue of not only eating the right kind of food but also having it in the requisite quantity.

For breakfast, one can have two to three pieces of bread and half a cup of cornflakes, along with a cup of milk and one fruit (a banana, an apple or an orange). For a varied taste, one can substitute the cornflakes and milk with three to four slices of bacon.

For lunch, one can have meat in the form of turkey slices, a few pieces of baked ham or roast chicken. One can also have roast beef noodles, about three-fourths cup of which will suffice. Along with this, the lunch palette can contain one slice of bread, one portion of low-fat mayonnaise and at least one serving of a vegetable. One can introduce variations in the form of the vegetable choices like zucchini one day, or tomato slices or half of a baked potato with beans and carrot another day.

The afternoon snack can be a cup of tea or coffee with two to three crackers or a muffin. Or, it may be a cup of skimmed milk accompanied by a piece of gingerbread or a slice of fruit cake. Instead of tea or milk, one can also go in for a cup of yogurt.

Dinner can consist of two to three ounces of a boiled fish like salmon or tuna, or the same quantity of de-skinned and boiled chicken or roast beef. One can have a cup of choice vegetables and also a cup of fruit. A tablespoon of low-fat margarine and a wheat roll or a rice cake will complete the course.

As evident from the diet plan, every meal is an amalgamation of protein, fat, carbohydrates and minerals. And the meals aren't bland either, for there is scope for variation. This is actually the essence of a successful, feasible diet plan. It has variety, and yet at the same time, it incorporates nutritious elements. Also, it has a certain flexibility to it in that if one has had a heavy lunch, one can always compensate for it with a light dinner. The crux of the matter is that one extra calorie here and there doesn't matter, as long as long as you are not starved or overfed.

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Monday, July 24, 2006

1,800 Calorie Diabetic Diets

1,800 Calorie Diabetic Diets by Eddie Tobey

A diabetic diet differs from person to person for the simple reason that individual calorie requirements and general constitution vary from person to person. Amongst many such diabetic diets, there is the 1,800 calorie diabetic diet that restricts the food intake of the diabetic patient to 1,800 calories. Such restrictions are imposed in order to control the patient's blood sugar and cholesterol levels and also his body weight. However, more than this goal, what is sought to be brought about through this diet is a healthy eating habit.

In a 1,800 calorie diabetic diet, the breakfast should ideally consist of two slices of bread, a cup of skimmed milk, one serving of a fruit like a medium-sized banana or an orange, and a tablespoon of cheese. One can easily substitute the milk with a cup of unsweetened yogurt or the bread with pasta. This particular type of breakfast incorporates all the nutrients that a person can need. There's starch in the form of bread, fat in the form of cheese, and there's the protein from milk and the daily serving of fruit, which everybody needs as a source of vitamins.

At lunch, there should protein in the form perhaps two portions of turkey or chicken or some type of fish, or a portion of a poultry product and a portion of cheese. However, the meat, if taken, should be de-skinned and cooked with as little oil and condiments as possible. In fact, the healthiest way to have poultry is to have it roasted or baked. One can have half a cup of rice or pasta and any fruit during lunch. There should be a cup of fresh vegetables during lunch. The idea is to take all forms of nutrients at every major meal.

The afternoon snack should be something light on the stomach, such as a few crackers and a cup of milk or yogurt. One can also have half a cup of tea, but with a low-calorie sweetener instead of sugar. Sugar is not banned in diabetes, but it should be consumed in moderate quantities. And, it is always a good idea to substitute it with other forms of carbohydrates, such as yogurt, rice or cereal.

For dinner, there should be some protein like fish or meat, vegetables like a cup of carrots, beans or tomatoes, a fruit serving like pear or pineapple or an orange, a cup of rice or two rice cakes. One can have a cup of milk as the nightcap.

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Tuesday, July 18, 2006

2,000 Calorie Diabetic Diets

2,000 Calorie Diabetic Diets by Eddie Tobey

A 2,000-calorie diabetic diet means that you have no more and no less than 2,000 calories of food helpings per day. This diet is not at all a no-sugar diet, no-carb diet. Rather, it is a healthy diet which contains all the food groups but is low in calories and fat.

When on a 2,000-calorie diabetic diet, the ideal breakfast should consist of two slices of bread or two rice cakes or half a cup of pasta, one cup of skimmed milk or a cup of sugar-free yogurt, one egg in any form, boiled or poached or scrambled and surely one serving of one's favorite fruit. One can have a sandwich, too, and the margarine spread on it will contribute to the fat portion of the breakfast. The egg can be substituted with two slices of bacon. The idea is that the breakfast of the diabetic patient incorporates all the goodness of the various food groups.

For lunch, one can have a bowl of pasta, two servings of your favorite vegetables and a meat product, for example chicken or turkey. Ideally, the vegetables and the meat should not be cooked in too much oil, for oil itself contributes to calories. The pasta can be substituted with a cup of cooked brown rice or two to three slices of bread. Fish, too, can be had for lunch, for it is an excellent source of vitamins.

The afternoon snack can consist of a fruit, two to three saltines or crackers, and half a cup of tea or coffee made with artificial sweetener. A helping of cheese can also be eaten at this time of the day.

For dinner, there should be three servings of meat or fish, like salmon or tuna, which is best served baked or roasted; half of a baked potato or two to three slices of bread; two helpings of vegetables; and a fruit. One can have a cup of milk accompanied by cheese or a few saltines as the nightcap.

Different combinations can make up a 2,000-calorie diet, but before undertaking this type of diet, it is important to obtain the green signal from the dietician.

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Sunday, July 16, 2006

Diabetic Diet Tips

Diabetic Diet Tips by Eddie Tobey

Diabetic diets abound in myths, and the most abiding myth is that it has to be a no-sugar and calorie-low diet. How wrong can one get! The diabetic patient doesn't need any diet; he just needs to eat healthily. Nothing will benefit him more.

No food is out of bounds for the diabetic, but what he actually needs is moderation in his food intake. The goal of the diet is to ensure that the blood sugar is maintained at a steady level. When this is the primary goal, the diabetic should be particularly cautious about his carbohydrate intake. It is of paramount importance that carbohydrates in only their complex form such as bread, pasta, rice, etc., are consumed. This is because complex carbohydrates take a longer time to break down and so the blood glucose level doesn't sky rocket. However, one should take only limited amounts of chocolates and other sugary foods.

For people who would be limiting their carbohydrate intake in this manner, a diet devoid of fats, as the myth goes, is just not feasible. After all, they would need some source of energy, but they should stop short of overstuffing themselves. Fats should comprise of no more than 30% of the daily calorie intake. But the equation is not that simple: there are a few dos and don'ts regarding the fat consumption.

There are good and bad fats. Bad fats, called saturated fats are truly harmful ones, leading to clogged arteries, high cholesterol and subsequently heart troubles. Butter, margarine, whole-milk dairy products, and poultry skin are some fats that are harmful for the heart. The good fats are the unsaturated fats found in vegetable oils like peanut, olive, sunflower oil, and fish liver oil. They are beneficial in the sense that they fulfill the fat requirement of the body without being calorie-intensive.

Proteins can be another source of energy, which can be extracted from poultry, eggs, fish, nuts, and cheese. Not only are nuts, cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts sources of protein, they are excellent sources of fiber, too. Then, there are the fruits and vegetables, which should form an integral of any meal, diabetic or not. They constitute the richest source of vitamins and minerals. Some vegetables like potato and sweet potato and fruits like mangoes, bananas, papayas and grapes, which are high in carbohydrate content, should be consumed in limited amounts. But other than these, fruits and vegetables are essential parts of a diabetic diet, and one should make it a point to have at least three servings every day.

There's actually nothing elusive about a diabetic diet. It is something as easy as eating the right kind of food and eating moderately, but occasionally.

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Thursday, July 13, 2006

Diabetic Weight Loss Diets

Diabetic Weight Loss Diets by Eddie Tobey

These are the days of increased disposable incomes, sedentary lifestyles, and large servings. The result is that almost everybody is fighting the battle of the bulge. And often it seems that it's a losing battle. Obesity is the scourge of millions: it leads to all kinds of medical and psychological complications and it assumes even more alarming proportions when it occurs with diabetes. As the case is, diabetics have to live with the risk of organ damage, and they obviously wouldn't want obesity to act as the catalyst. So it is imperative that obese diabetics combat their weight problems.

For years, obese diabetics were recommended a low-calorie, low-fat diet, which actually proved to be detrimental to their health. In fact, the best way to tackle obesity is to strike it at its root, and the root is not fat but carbohydrates. Dietary fat is not readily transformed into body fat, so severely limiting it will not solve the problem. Restricting the intake of carbohydrates is the only way out; firstly, because it keeps tabs on blood-sugar levels and secondly, because it keeps obesity at bay.

In a low-carb diet, sugar in its raw form and especially aerated drinks, confectioneries, and white flour should be taken only in minute amounts. These hit the bloodstream instantly and raise the blood-glucose levels. Furthermore, these are instantaneously converted to fat cells. On the other hand, there's a group of carbohydrates, termed complex carbohydrates, which are not so harmful. They are comprised of food items like bread, pasta, cereal, etc. The body takes a longer time to break them down; as such it takes that much longer to convert them into fat cells.

Lessening the amount of carbohydrates consumed also leads to weight reduction in another way: when one is deprived of carbohydrates, and thus deprived of one source of energy, the body resorts to burning the fat cells when the need for energy arises. Fat cells burned in this manner lead to considerable weight reduction. You will have the lion's share of fats from vegetable oils, avocados, fish liver oil, sunflower oil, etc., but never butter and margarine, and proteins from nuts, cheese, poultry, legumes, etc.

Thus, one's weight-loss regime doesn't mean bypassing fat altogether, unlike other diets. It is as simple as eating heartily with few carbohydrates and considerably larger portions of fats and proteins, so that you remain full and don't feel the urge to gorge on sugary foods afterwards.

About the Author
Diabetic Diets provides detailed information on diabetic diets, diabetic diet tips, diabetic weight loss diets, 1200 calorie diabetic diets and more. Diabetic Diets is affliated with Diabetes Supplies.

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Monday, July 10, 2006

Low Carb Diabetic Diets

Low Carb Diabetic Diets by Eddie Tobey

Thanks to Jennifer Aniston, Dr. Atkins' low-carb diet is the latest craze among weight watchers. However, the furor it has caused in the medical circles is also due to the fact that it is steeped with immense benefits for diabetics. In fact, it is fast gaining precedence over the traditional low-calorie, low-fat diet once prescribed for diabetics--a diet that has now been conclusively proven to be detrimental to the diabetic patient's health.

This all-out attack on carbohydrates is understandable, as diabetes is a condition where sugar and starch are not properly absorbed from the bloodstream. And when the body is incapacitated in this way, an excess of carbohydrates can be harmful.

Anything more than 5%-10% carbohydrates in your daily caloric intake is a taboo in all the low-carb diets. These place emphasis on consumption of protein and fats so that the body is full and doesn't experience hunger pangs. For it is only when the body feels that it is starving, that one tends to gorge on sugary foods. The feeling of fullness can be achieved with bulky fiber-rich food, too. In fact, low carb diets are unique in that you can have anything you desire, as long as it is not rich in carbohydrates. However, they all do fall short of recommending overstuffing oneself.

In low-carb diets, the foods that are approved are meats, fish, poultry, eggs and cheese and certain vegetables like kidney beans, carrots, avocados. It is worth remembering that since carbohydrates are almost barred from the diet chart, low-carb diets profess a moderately high fat intake to obtain the necessary energy. As a result, obese diabetic patients do need to consult a physician and adopt a modified version of the diet.
Low-carb diets are here to stay. Considering that carbohydrates are the bane of diabetes, it is definitely the most sensible diet plan for this particular group of individuals.

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Diabetic Diets provides detailed information on diabetic diets, diabetic diet tips, diabetic weight loss diets, 1200 calorie diabetic diets and more. Diabetic Diets is affliated with Diabetes Supplies.

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Saturday, July 08, 2006

Diabetes Diets

Diabetes Diets by Josh Riverside

Diabetes is a disorder of the body's sugar-absorption and utilization abilities, and hence the only possible way to bring sugar levels back to normal may be by avoiding sweets. But it is not necessary that you sacrifice your favorite dishes or sweets. If a balanced meal, specific for the person is planned, the sugar levels can be controlled. If such a diet is maintained on a regular basis it can even reverse the signs of diabetes. And it does not mean that the food has to be bitter or flavorless. There are many options to choose from, but the main idea is to choose the right food.

Do not think of this as a big task. With the help of a doctor or dietician the right meal plan can be arranged for you. And there is good news, because you will be choosing healthy food. Your overall health will be improved, protecting you from obesity, cancer, heart disease and hypertension. The various options that help you follow and keep up with your meal plan are the food guide pyramid, rating your plate, carbohydrate counting and exchanges lists. Any one of these will be suitable for you.

The other ways to be sure you maintain your diet is by keeping a diary and noting your daily food intake. Be consistent in your diet, and do not eat bad food on one day thinking you can compensate for it on another day; this will only weaken your plan.

For those who love sweets there is no reason to worry, as there are many healthy food options that are sweet. For example, a slice of fruit could be taken along with the meal. Also, you do not have to completely avoid sweets. Taking sweets in very small portions may help. You could also use sweeteners like honey, brown sugar, molasses and cane sugars. Reduced-calorie sweeteners like mannitol or sorbitol can also be taken as a substitute for normal sugar.

If all these points are followed on a regular basis you could start living a normal life even though you are diabetic.

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Tuesday, July 04, 2006

Diabetes and Feet Problems

Diabetes can often cause problems with circulation and nerve difficulties. This results in people frequently having problems with their feet.

Checking both feet regularly, and the spaces between the toes can help reduce or prevent problems in the future with the feet, due to your Diabetes. You should look for blisters, cuts, bruises or any other changes and signs of infection.

Wash your feet in a warm, not hot, water every day and all corns and calluses should be smoothed with a fine emery board. Moisturizing lotion is a good idea to use on your feet regularly, as well as trimming the toenails. When trimming your toenails, you should cut straight across the tip of the toes, not in a rounded shape.

With all these care tips, you will prevent foot problems related to Diabetes.

Michael Kralj
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Sunday, July 02, 2006

Insulin Resistance: Change Your Diet

Insulin Resistance: Change Your Diet By Gabe Mirkin, M.D.

Late onset diabetes usually means that a person has too much insulin because his cells cannot respond to insulin. Too much insulin constricts arteries to cause heart attacks, and stimulates your brain and liver to make you hungry and manufacture fat.

Most people who develop diabetes in later life can be controlled so that they are not at increased risk for the many complications of diabetes such as heart attacks, strokes, blindness, deafness, amputations, kidney failure, burning foot syndrome or varicose veins with skin ulcers.

The Insulin Resistance Syndrome puts you at very high risk for a heart attack and is associated with storing fat in the belly, rather than the hips; having high blood triglyceride levels and low level of the good HDL cholesterol; and high blood pressure.

If you have any of these signs, check with your doctor who will order a blood test called HBA1C. If it is high, you have diabetes and can usually be controlled with diet and/or medication. You should learn how to avoid foods that give the highest rise in blood sugar. When you eat, blood sugar level rises. The higher it rises, the more sugar sticks on cells. Once stuck on a cell membrane, sugar can never detach itself. It is converted to a poison called sorbitol that damages the cell to cause all the side effects of diabetes mentioned above.

The foods that cause your blood sugar to rise quickly include all types of flour products: bread, spaghetti, macaroni, bagels, rolls, crackers, cookies and pretzels; refined corn products and white rice; and all sugar-added foods.

There are two type of drugs that are used to treat diabetes: those that lower blood sugar and raise insulin, and those that lower blood sugar and lower insulin also. The safest drugs are those that lower both insulin and sugar. Most diabetics should be on Glucophage (metformin) before meals, at least while you are learning to change your diet and bring your weight where it belongs. It prevents blood sugar levels from rising too high and sticking to cells and has an excellent safety record. However, eating a bagel will produce such a high rise in blood sugar that Glucophage will not be effective, so Glucophage must be used in addition to avoiding foods that cause a high rise in blood sugar. If HBA1C cannot be controlled with diet and Glucophage, your doctor will usually add Avandia 4mg or Actos 30mg. They are essentially the same and can cause liver damage, so liver tests must be done monthly, at least for the first few months.

You should be seen monthly and get either a HBA1C (which measures blood sugar control over the past two months) or fructosamine (which measures control over two weeks). Each time that your HBA1C is above normal (6.1), you should yell at your doctor to change your drugs and he should yell at you to change your diet.

If your HBA1C is still not under control, you need to take a drug that raises insulin levels. I usually start with Glipizide XL. If that doesn't control your HBA1C, I raise the dose, and if that still doesn't work, you will need to inject yourself with insulin. Check with your doctor.

Who is pre-diabetic?

What should a diabetic or pre-diabetic eat?

Dr. Gabe Mirkin has been a radio talk show host for 25 years and practicing physician for more than 40 years; he is board certified in four specialties. For more information and hundreds of health and fitness reports, visit

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Saturday, July 01, 2006

Diabetes Complications

Possible Diabetes Complications include:

Retinopathy - impairment or loss of vision to blood vessel damage in the eyes. The leading cause of adult blindness is Diabetes.

Neuropathy - Nerve damage causing serious problems. 40% - 50% of Diabetics are affected by this.

Nephropathy - Kidney disease due to blood vessel damage in the kidneys.

High Blood Pressure - a significant increase in High Blood pressure in Seniors with Diabetes is seen.

Cardiac Problems - Diabetic men have a two time increase in developing heart disease and stroke, while Diabetic women have a three to four time increase in developing Cardiac Problems.

Infections - Diabetics who do not control their diabetes well, have an increased chance of getting infections of the mouth, gums, urinary tract and lower limbs.

Impotence - 50% to 60% of Diabetic men are affected by this.

Pregnancy problems - 4% of Pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, and this causes an increased risk in the future for the mother and child to develop diabetes.

Michael Kralj
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